Respiratory infections and asthma rise before Type 2 diabetes diagnosis

Respiratory tract infections and asthma are 10 times more prevalent at Type 2 diabetes diagnosis compared with individuals without this diagnosis, shows a study looking at comorbidities both 25 years before and 25 years after a Type 2 diabetes diagnosis.

About 40% of people were found to have had respiratory tract infections at the time of diagnosis with Type 2 diabetes, compared with 4% who were not diagnosed. Ear, nose and throat infections were also present in 20% of people at Type 2 diabetes diagnosis compared with around 2% who were not diagnosed. A similar pattern was seen with asthma.

The findings suggest that patients reporting these infections, in addition to other known risk factors for Type 2 diabetes, might benefit from diabetes tests and early interventions.

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